Trains reach all corners of France – taking your bike on French trains need not be a hassle if you do a little research prior to departure and know which trains allow bikes (and which don't).
The French train network is generally very good if you're travelling by bike – especially once you understand it and know how to make the most of it.
French trains reach all corners of the country, and different types of trains offer different services – from fast point-to-point routes to slower local journeys that can help you link to bike routes or avoid cycling in poor weather.
We try and explain them on this page, along with
A quick note on buying tickets: If you are taking a longer journey that involves multiple changes (or more than one of the train types listed below), you should search individual legs separately on the OUI.sncf website. This is because the online booking system cannot cope with multiple journeys by bike and will tell you it's not possible to take your bike on a route when in fact it is. You therefore need to break the journey down into smaller chunks using the map below, search leg-by-leg and buy each ticket separately. There is more here on making ticket reservations.
Map of entire French train network (click map to enlarge)
Note: TER local trains are not shown on the map below but tey generally go wherever the faster trains (TGVs and Intercites) go, albeit with many more smaller/local stops than shown on the map.
Taking bikes on local TER trains in France
You can get pretty much anywere in France on a local TER trains – it just sometimes takes time and multiple changes.
What are TER trains?: TERs are local trains. They stop at all stations, including the smaller towns and villages that TGVs and Intercites bypass. Very, very small villages/stations may receive every second or third TER train rather than every train on the timetable, but they are nevertheless still serviced.
TER trains are great for linking bike routes, or taking shortcuts if you’re pressed for time (or if your legs just need a break).
Other names for TERS:
In and around Paris, TER-equivalent trains are called Transilien and RER trains.
Teoz trains are also similar to TERs and run on medium-distance routes from Paris to Auvergne, and also link cities across south and central France, such as Bordeaux, Lyon, Toulouse, Caen, Reims and Paris.
Taking bikes on TERS: On nearly all TERs, bikes can be carried free of charge if space permits. You simply walk your bike on after having bought your own ticket.
Note that the following restrictions apply, usually relating to peak-our commuter trains:
Alsace: Some TER trains can't take bikes between Strasbourg, Mulhouse and Basel Monday to Friday 6am-8.30am and 4pm-6.30pm.
Nord-Pas de Calais: TER-GV trains do not take bikes (check timetable or ask at stations to confirm which services these are).
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur: TER trains don't take bicycles Monday-Friday 7am-9am and 4.30pm-6.30pm.
Ile-de-France: Transilien and RER trains don't take bicycles Monday-Friday 6.30am-9am and 4.30pm-7pm.
The bike carriage area on TERs will look something like this and be marked with 'velo' or a bicycle logo on the door. Storage depends on the train mode (bikes will either hang or be stored in an area marked for bikes in the carriage proper).
Fast trains: TGV and Intercités
The high-speed and long-distance network – with the excellent TGV and Intercités at the fore – links major city/town centres. The TGV links Paris to Lyon and Paris to Bordeaux in just two hours, and Marseille or Grenoble to Paris in around three hours.
Taking bikes on TGV trains
What are TGVs?: TGVs are very high speed intercity trains that only stop at major towns and cities. They often travel between major cities non-stop or with very few stops. They are the fastest way to travel. Trains have buffet cars with food and drinks. There are also 'OuiGo' TGVs that run on high-speed lines offering discounted tickets.
Buying TGV tickets: TGV tickets can be booked at OUI.sncf or at any station or SNCF ticket office. You can also use the Trainline booking service from anywhere in the world. Your ticket should be marked 'velo' (or similar) and you will have been allocated a specific seat with a bit storage area nearby.
Bagged or boxed bikes on TGVs: Bikes can travel free of charge on all TGVs if they are bagged or boxed. You simply place your bagged/boxed bike in the luggage area as you would a suitcase. The size limit for bagged/boxed bikes is 120cm x 90cm but I've never heard of anyone's bag being measured or anyone being stopped for a slightly oversized bag.
Fully assembled bikes on TGVs: However TGVs have become increasingly difficult in recent years with a fully assembled bike. You need to check OUI.sncf to confirm (our list below may be subject to change but will provide a general guide to problematic lines).
If your TGV DOES take fully assembled bikes, your bike MUST be booked in when you reserve your seat. A surcharge of €10 usually applies for bikes. If you do not book your bike in when you buy your own ticket it is not possible to add the bike on to the reservation later. For this reason, it is very important that you check if your TGV takes bikes before buying any tickets. You can do this on the OUI.sncf website or via Trainline.
Here is a summary of which TGV lines DO NOT take fully assembled bicycles and some suggested workarounds ...
For the suggestions below, if you need to take multiple trains to avoid TGV-unfriendly lines, you need to research and book individual legs separately on OUI.sncf website, or use the local TER equivalent website. The main SNCF system cannot handle multiple changes/stations with a bicycle. Buy each leg individually.
West coast TGV lines. Since January 2020 is it no longer possible to take fully assembled bikes on the Paris-Nantes TGV, the Paris-Rennes TGV or the Paris-Bordeaux TGV. It is still possible to travel from Paris Gare d'Austerlitz to Toulouse. You need to make a bike reservation for Paris-Toulouse at the same time you buy your own ticket. See this how-to guide.
For Paris-Nantes, the quickest way (circa 4.5 hours) would be to take a TER from Paris Gare d'Austerlitz to Orleans and change there for another TER to Nantes. Note this may not come up on the SCNF website if you tick the 'velo' option. So just search without a bike and know that you can walk your bike on and off all TER services once you have bought your own regular ticket (no bike reservation or bike ticket needed).
For Paris-Rennes, you would need to take local TER trains from Paris Montparnasse to Le Mans and then Le Mans to Laval and then on to Rennes (circa 5 hours). You can also try searching Paris Montparnasse-Le Mans-Sablé sur Sarthe-Rennes or even via Nantes our Tours but those take longer than the Le Mans/Laval option. Always search each leg separately. Results may not work if you tick the 'velo' option on the SNCF website. So just search without a bike and know that you can walk your bike on and off all TER services once you have bought your own regular ticket (no bike reservation or bike ticket needed).
For Paris-Bordeaux, the fastest way (ludicrous, I know) may be to catch the Paris Gare d'Austerlitz to Toulouse TGV (book your bike online when you buy your own ticket), and then get a local TER or Intercites train back to Bordeaux (both accept bikes - search separately to your Paris-Toulouse ticket as the SNCF system cannot handle so many changes with a bike). No bike reservation needed for TER; reservation needed for Intercites. You could also ride your bike Toulouse-Bordeaux on the Canal de Garonne.
For Bordeaux-Tarbes (for the Pyrenees) you need to take an Intercites from Bordeaux to Toulouse and then another Intercites train from Toulouse-Tarbes (bike reservations needed on both).
The Paris-Lyon TGV does not take fully assembed bikes. On this line you need to get the local TER regional service between Paris Bercy station and Lyon Part Dieu. You do not need a bike reservation on this TER service - simply buy your ticket and roll your bike onto the bike carriage.
The Paris-Avignon TGV / Paris-Nice TGV only have a few trains (sometimes one a day, sometimes none) that take fully assembled bikes. The overnight train takes fully assembled bikes but these spaces are notoriously hard to find/book. In peak periods (e.g. summer) any available spaces fill fast and it can be impossible to get bike places. You can instead use a combination of local trains, such as go from Paris Bercy station to Lyon Part Dieu and then on to Avignon and Nice - all on local regional TER services. You could also take the TGV Paris-Toulouse and head east from there on regional trains. Alternatively you could take a combination of TER and Intercites trains from Paris to Clermont-Ferrand and then onto Avignon/Nice – all with a fully assembled bike.
As per the guidance above, you need to search these legs separately as the SNCF booking system cannot handle multiple changes, so search 'Paris to Lyon' and then buy tickets separately for 'Lyon to Avignon' and 'Avignon to Nice' for example).
The Paris-Strasbourg TGV does not take fully assembled bikes. You need to allow extra time to take local TER trains. Try the following (or in reverse if travelling west to east): Paris-Dole and then Dole-Strasbourg. Or Paris-Troyes-Mulhouse and then Strasbourg.
If starting in Colmar, try Colmar-Mulhouse-Belfort-Paris or Colmar-Strasbourg-Paris. From Colmar you can also go Mulhouse-Belfort-Paris. These are all local TER services that take bikes. Again, research and book individual legs separately as online systems generally cannot handle so many changes.
The bike storage on TGVs varies depending on model but usually looks something like the photos below. You usually take your bike on board, up a few steps and into a separate cabin with room for two bikes. You strap your bike in with the 'seatbelt' provided. If you have panniers, it's easiest to take them off before boarding, take your bike on and return to the platform for the panniers (the train will not go without you!)
Taking bikes on Intercités trains
What are Intercites trains?: Intercities are a step down from TGVs. They are a little slower and they stop at more stations than TGVs. They usually stop at all major town and cities, though they will not stop at smaller towns and villages (you need a TER - see below - for those).
Here is a map of Intercites destinations:
Click map to enlarge map of Intercites lines or download it here.
Bagged or boxed bikes on Intercites trains: Bikes can travel free of charge on all Intercités trains if they are bagged or boxed. You simply place your bagged/boxed bike in the luggage area as you would a suitcase. The size limit for bagged/boxed bikes is 120cm x 90cm but I've never heard of anyone's bag being measured.
Fully assembled bikes on Intercites trains: There are usually bike spaces for between 12 and 20 bikes on Intercités trains, though this can vary depending on the train length. Train carriages with bike storage have a bike logo or are marked 'velo'. Arrive on the platform early and ask a staff member where on the platform the bike carriages will stop so that you are positioned well to get your bikes and panniers etc on. (During busy times people sometimes put luggage in the bike areas, so it's good to get in first).
Some Intercites trains require reservations for bikes and some do not. If your Intercite train DOES need a bicycle reservation, you need to book your bike in when you buy your own ticket (a surcharge of €5 or €10 usually applies).
The following Intercités lines DO NOT usually need a reservation for bicycles – the ticket system should tell you which trains take bikes 'sans reservation'. If this is the case, you can just buy your own ticket and climb aboard with your bike.
These 'rules' are always subject to change so always check ahead on OUI.sncf.
- Paris - Amiens - Boulogne
- Paris - St Quentin - Maubeuge / Cambrai
- Paris - Rouen - Le Havre
- Paris - Caen - St Lô / Cherbourg / Trouville Deauville
- Paris - Granville
- Paris - Orléans - Blois - Tours
- Paris - Royan
- Paris - Bourges - Montluçon
- Paris - Nevers
- Paris - Troyes - Mulhouse
- Nantes - Lyon
The following Intercités lines DO need a reservation – you must buy a ticket in advance and it will be marked for bicycle carriage.
- Paris Bercy / Nevers / Moulins / Vichy / Clermont-Ferrand
- Paris Austerlitz / Vierzon / Châteauroux / Limoges Bénédictins / Brives / Cahors / Toulouse Matabiau / Perpignan
- Bordeaux St Jean / Montauban / Toulouse Matabiau / Montpellier / Nîmes / Marseille St Charles / Nice Ville
- Quimper - Nantes - Bordeaux - Toulouse
Intercité night trains
These DO NEED reservations for both you and your bike. There is usually a separate carriage to carry bikes. As above for reservation info and links.
- Paris Austerlitz – Briançon
- Paris Austerlitz - La Tour de Carol - Luchon – Cerbère
- Paris Austerlitz - Toulouse / Rodez - Carmaux – Albi
- Paris Austerlitz - Hendaye (Irun) / Tarbes
- Paris Austerlitz – Savoie
- Paris Austerlitz – Nice
- Hendaye - Bordeaux – Nice
- Hendaye (Irun) – Genève
- Luxembourg - Nice / Port-Bou
- Strasbourg - Nice / Port-Bou
The bike storage area on Intercites varies depending on the model of the train but may look someting like this (make sure you board early on busy trains to beat the luggage trap):
Avoiding problems with bikes on trains
The Fédération française des Usagers de la Bicyclette (French bicycle users' association) advises to do a little research in advance and, if possible, take a copy of the train operator's cycle carriage policy with you:
“If you get on a train that accepts cycles, and the inspector says no and wants to put you off:
* keep the document (original or a copy) showing that cycles are allowed on that train;
* keep calm and polite, it makes things easier. Tell the inspector where you got your information. The inspector should not forbid you to get on board (if) the train has no cycle space or luggage van (when) it should have;
* if you are unconvinced, but he insists, you can always obey, get off the train, and (shh!) get on again at the other end. Or you can ask him to write out the fine, and get it cancelled later if you are within your rights. It’s a bit chancy. Inspectors have been known to delay a train to throw cyclists off, even from trains allowed to have cycles!”
Tandems, trailers and other bikes
Tandems, trailers and other 'non-standard' bikes are not permitted on TGVs or Intercites services. They are also generally banned from TERs, however we have received dozens of reports from cyclists who have used local TER services with no problems. Arrive early, be courteous and avoid peak-hour travel. Also be prepared to wait for the next service if you do happen across a conductor who won't let you on. It also may help to collapse trailers etc to make your load look as small as possible.
Bus replacement services
Occasionally when there is track work or on lines where buses have replaced redundant train lines, SNCF runs buses (marked as 'autocars' or sometimes just 'cars' on timetables). We have used these a number of times over the years and have never had any problems with the driver storing our bikes under the bus in the luggage area. Be courteous, remove all luggage, and be prepared to wait for the next bus if the service is particularly busy.
SNCF bike delivery service
If you have an address in France (including a hotel), SNCF can deliver your bike to you for a surcharge, but it is my understanding that you still need to be travelling on the same train to use this door-to-door service. Contact SNCF about this or ask at a station. Feedback from anyone who has used this service would be appreciated.
More on bikes and French trains
- How-to guide for making a reservation on French trains
- How-to guide for taking the Eurostar with a bike
- Catching trains to France from abroad
- The special Loire bike train
UPDATE: Note that some of the comments below – any made BEFORE September 2014 – may be out of date when discussing booking bikes onto trains. As discussed above, a booking service DOES now exist ONLINE for bike reservations for French trains. See here for more information (or just use the very easy Trainline service)